To sync files using the Windows command line you will need to use the xcopy command. The default action of this program is to copy a file or directory from one place to another, but you can give it flags to tell it to sync the files. There are a few flags available (use xcopy /? to see them all) but you will probably only want to use the following:
Rather than use the old connection properties dialog in Windows you can open up a command prompt and use the netsh to set up all sorts of network specific settings. The most useful part of this is that you can create a bat file that will allow you to quickly change your local IP address very quickly.
To see a list of the network connections available you can use the following command.
DOS Batch is the Windows equivalent of shell scripting and can be used to perform all sorts of different actions. Anything that you type into a DOS prompt on a Windows machine can be used in a bat file to quickly do something that you would otherwise have to repeat many times over. To create a bat file just make a file and give it the extension "bat". If you run a DOS prompt and navigate to the directory that the bat file exists in you can type the name of the file to get it to do certain actions. If you called your file "action.bat" you can run it by typing "action" or "action.bat".