DOS Batch is the Windows equivalent of shell scripting and can be used to perform all sorts of different actions. Anything that you type into a DOS prompt on a Windows machine can be used in a bat file to quickly do something that you would otherwise have to repeat many times over. To create a bat file just make a file and give it the extension "bat". If you run a DOS prompt and navigate to the directory that the bat file exists in you can type the name of the file to get it to do certain actions. If you called your file "action.bat" you can run it by typing "action" or "action.bat". Starting with a simple example, if you want to print the contents of a file to screen then you need the type command, followed by the file.
However, this puts a lot of rubbish on the screen. If you wanted to create a backup of that file then you would write the following.