To convert a time value into a decimal value representing the number of minutes can be useful for certain calculations. The following function takes a time as a string of hh:mm:ss and returns a decimal value in minutes.

```
/**
* Convert time into decimal time.
*
* @param string $time The time to convert
*
* @return integer The time as a decimal value.
*/
function time_to_decimal($time) {
$timeArr = explode(':', $time);
$decTime = ($timeArr[0]*60) + ($timeArr[1]) + ($timeArr[2]/60);
return $decTime;
}
```

If we take the time of 11:11:11 this gets split into 3 parts by the explode() function into hours, minutes and seconds, which then gets treated in the following way:

```
Minutes = (Hours x 60) + (Minutes) + (Seconds / 60)
Minutes = (11 x 60) + (11) + (11 / 60)
Minutes = (660) + (11) + (0.18333333)
Minutes = 671.18333333
```

The function can be used as follows:

`echo time_to_decimal("11:11:11"); // prints 671.18333333`

The reverse of this function takes the decimal value and returns a string in the format hh:mm:ss.

```
/**
* Convert decimal time into time in the format hh:mm:ss
*
* @param integer The time as a decimal value.
*
* @return string $time The converted time value.
*/
function decimal_to_time($decimal) {
$hours = floor($decimal / 60);
$minutes = floor($decimal % 60);
$seconds = $decimal - (int)$decimal;
$seconds = round($seconds * 60);
return str_pad($hours, 2, "0", STR_PAD_LEFT) . ":" . str_pad($minutes, 2, "0", STR_PAD_LEFT) . ":" . str_pad($seconds, 2, "0", STR_PAD_LEFT);
}
```

This function can be used as follows:

`echo decimal_to_time(671.18333333); // prints 11:11:11`

Note that these functions deal with amounts of time, not the time of day. Converting between time and decimal time of day requires a different set of calculations.

**UPDATE:** Thanks to an anonymous poster for pointing out some errors, these have now been corrected.

## Comments

Hi Philip,

Your code indeed works in the manner you have described, however there are a couple of finer details that caused issues for me when using the code.

In the time_to_decimal function, line 12 should read as follows:

`$decTime = ($timeArr[0]*60) + ($timeArr[1]) + ($timeArr[2]/60);`

As it is written in your post, the seconds are actually representing fractions of an hour (1/3600th) as opposed to fractions of a minute (1/60th).

We have the same issue in the decimal_to_time function as well as an issue in regards to the round() function. I've corrected the decimal_to_time function as follows:

```
function decimal_to_time($decimal) {
$hours = floor((int)$decimal / 60);
$minutes = floor((int)$decimal % 60);
$seconds = $decimal - (int)$decimal;
$seconds = round($seconds * 60);
return str_pad($hours, 2, "0", STR_PAD_LEFT) . ":" . str_pad($minutes, 2, "0", STR_PAD_LEFT) . ":" . str_pad($seconds, 2, "0", STR_PAD_LEFT);
}
```

round() in lines 2 and 3 have been replaced by floor(). This is due to the behavior of round() returning 1 when given .5. An example is as follows:

Say we are converting 1:30:30 into a decimal representing minutes. Using the two functions posted we would have

```
echo time_to_decimal('1:30:30'); // prints 90.008333333333, seconds are still converted incorrectly
// this should display the input from the first function
echo decimal_to_time(90.008333333333); // prints 02:02:30, not correct
```

In the example, line 2 of the original code calculates to - round( 90 / 60 ) = round(1.5) = 2. Since we only want the numer of whole hours in the $decimal variable, we should use floor() instead. floor() will always round to the lowest whole number ( 1 in this case )

I hope this helps someone out there :)

Thank you for all the hard work you put into that comment! I really appreciate it when a user posts such detailed comments on this blog :)

I have tested your examples and updated my code accordingly.

hi tae, thanks..

i propose to change little to allow this kind of input "01:05" =1h05 or "01:05:00" or "01"=1hour

```
function time_to_decimal($time) {
$timeArr = explode(':', $time);
if (count($timeArr) == 3) {
$decTime = ($timeArr[0]*60) + ($timeArr[1]) + ($timeArr[2]/60);
} else if (count($timeArr) == 2) {
$decTime = ($timeArr[0]) + ($timeArr[1]/60);
} else if (count($timeArr) == 2) {
$decTime = $time;
}
return $decTime;
}
```

This function kept returning :60 in the seconds place! I added :

```
if ($seconds == 60) {
$minutes++; $seconds=0;
}
```

to the end of the function.

My 2 cents comment if used your function and added a format control to avoid strange behavior and surprise

```
function Time_To_Decimal($time) {
$decTime = 0;
if (preg_match("/^([01][0-9]|2[0-3]):([0-5][0-9]):([0-5][0-9])$/", $time, $matches)) {
$decTime = ($matches[0]*60) + ($matches[1]) + ($matches[2]/60);
}
return $decTime;
}
```

Thanks a lot for posting

Sorry posted too quickly (fixed preg_match return array)

```
function Time_To_Decimal($time) {
$decTime = 0;
if (preg_match("/^([01][0-9]|2[0-3]):([0-5][0-9]):([0-5][0-9])$/", $time, $matches)) {
$decTime = ($matches[1]*60) + ($matches[2]) + ($matches[3]/60);
}
return $decTime;
}
```

Error here

`floor($decimal % 60);`

and not

`floor($decimal % / 60);`

Quite right Gianluca, thanks for pointing that out.