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Drupal8: Finding All FieldWidget Types

16th February 2020 - 3 minutes read time

Whilst searching for an answer to a problem the other day I found a comment that details a command that prints out all of the FieldWidgets available in Drupal 8. This is useful if you are looking for all of the field widget classes in Drupal8.

Here is the command:

grep -rl '\@FieldWidget' | xargs grep -m1 'id = ' | grep -o FieldWidget.*

This prints out something similar to the following:

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Traits Versus Inheritance In PHP

9th February 2020 - 6 minutes read time

The other day I was conducting a code review and found that a developer had used a trait to give two classes the same group of utility methods. Whilst there was nothing wrong with this in terms of functionality, I asked the developer why they had chosen to use traits instead of inheritance. We eventually decided that an inheritance model would be better suited to the situation but I thought I would go through some of the thought processes here.

What Is A Trait?

A trait, if you weren't aware, is like a class, but you don't instantiate it directly. Traits are defined using the trait keyword and are otherwise quite like a class in structure.

The idea is that code is essentially copied into the class you want to use it in from the trait and the class acts like it had that code all along. For example, let's take a simple trait.

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Drupal 8: Altering Update Dependencies

7th January 2020 - 6 minutes read time

I perform a lot of Drupal updates, and they mostly go very well. The code updates without incident and the database updates apply whatever updates they need without a hitch. Every now and then, however, I will come across a project that hasn't received updates in a while, which means there are a lot of database updates to run through.

Having Drupal run 100+ database updates across modules and core can be a bit problematic. Some modules will require core updates to happen first, and when this happens out of order the database update update fails spectacularly.

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PHP Custom Stream Filters

29th December 2019 - 11 minutes read time
Stream filters allow changes to be made to textual data in streams. This allows text to be changed when writing to or reading from streams, instead of changing the text after the stream has been run. There is a framework built into PHP that allows custom filters to be added to the group of built in filters.
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PHP Custom Stream Wrappers

24th December 2019 - 9 minutes read time
Part of the strength of PHP's stream wrappers is the ability to add our own stream wrappers to the list of available wrappers. We can therefore natively open any type of resource just by registering a stream wrapper and then using the normal fopen() functions. The custom stream wrapper functionality is made possible through a few functions built into PHP.
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PHP Streams

13th December 2019 - 12 minutes read time

Streams are a way of generalising file, network, compression resources and a few other things in a way that allows them to share a common set of features. I stream is a resource object that has streamable behaviour. It can be read or written to in a linear fashion, but not necessarily from the beginning of the stream.

Streams have been available in PHP for quite a while (at least since version 4.3.0) and are used pretty transparently by most PHP programmers. They can be used to access files, network resources, command line arguments, pretty much anything that goes through the input/output stream in PHP.

I was recently looking at ReactPHP and found that the use of streams was a requirement in order to prevent blocking the input/output stream. Although, I had seen streams being used in PHP applications, I wasn't entirely certain how to use them myself. As a result I thought I'd put together a post about them.

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Drupal 8: Altering Hook Weights

11th December 2019 - 4 minutes read time

Drupal's hook system allows modules to interact with various parts of a Drupal application and is part of the power of the application.

One common issue I have found is altering things that have been added by other modules during the hooks process. For example, a hook might be called that involves gathering data from one or more modules. If you need to intercept this configuration there is no guarantee that your module will be called after the module you are trying to intercept.

Another (more concrete) example is when altering forms. The code below shows a hook_form_alter() being run on all node edit forms on a site.

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Color Sorting In PHP: Part 5

3rd November 2019 - 11 minutes read time

Since my last visit to this subject I have been thinking about how to represent a collection of random colors so that it looks sorted and that no information is lost during that process. I quickly realised that I needed to use all three aspects of the color space, which lends itself to generating 3D objects. Indeed, the red, green, blue color space is built around a cube so it can often be represented as a cube.

The hue, saturation, and value color space is built around the concept of a cylinder, which means that 2 of the axis lend themselves to a circumference of a circle (the hue) and the diameter of a circle (the saturation). This is an example of the polar coordinate system. We can therefore draw a circle using hue and saturation and the value can be used to represent a different aspect of the color space.

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Drawling A Circle With Pixels In PHP

30th October 2019 - 9 minutes read time

Since my last post, where I talked about drawling a line with pixels in PHP, I have been looking at drawing circles. As it turns out, there are a few different ways to draw a circle, so I'll go through a few options here.

To start with, there are some built in functions in PHP that can be used to draw an arc, circle or ellipse as a filled in shape or a line. The built in function in PHP called imageellipse() that can be used to draw a circle. This is part of the GD library.

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Drupal 8: Prevent User Role Elevation

25th October 2019 - 4 minutes read time
Drupal has a little flaw in its user permission system that allows users to give themselves, or other users, roles that they shouldn't be able to. If the user has the 'administer users' permission this essentially gives them access to alter roles for any user on the system, meaning that they can grand administrator access to any user on the system. The fix to this involves a couple of actions.