A sparkline is a very small line graph that is intended to convey some simple information, usually in terms of a numeric value over time. They tend to lack axes or other labels and are added to information readouts in order to expand on numbers in order to give them more context.
If you've ever looked at the settings in a digital camera, or have experience with image processing programs like GIMP, then you may have seen a colour histogram. This is a simple graph that shows the amount of different shades of colour are present in the image.
I was writing unit tests for a API mapping function recently and came across this interesting issue. The code I was writing tests for was in a legacy codebase that I was making changes to, and it made sense to have some unit tests in there before I started work to ensure everything worked before and after.
Embedding image within pages of content helps both within the design of the page and when shared on social media. If you set up meta tags to point at a particular image then that image will appear when the page is shared on social media. This makes your page stand out more.