There is little syntactical difference between MySQL 4 and MySQL 5, but sometimes finding that difference can pinpoint a bug. The mysql_get_server_info() function will tell you what version of MySQL you are using. You can call it with no parameters, in which case it picks the most recently created MySQL resource, or with the resource handle created with mysql_connect().
Here is an example of how to use it.
$link = mysql_connect('localhost', 'mysql_user', 'mysql_password'); echo mysql_get_server_info();
You can achieve the same effect with a simple MySQL query.
$link = mysql_connect('localhost', 'mysql_user', 'mysql_password'); $query = mysql_query('SELECT VERSION() as mysql_version');